India will be celebrating its 74th Republic day on 26th January 2023. Let’s travel into the history of the Indian Republic Day Celebration through historical images since 1950.
From the year 1950 to 1953, the first four Republic Day Parade of India were held not at Rajpath. Instead, it was held at Irwin Stadium, Kingsway, Red Fort and Ram Leela Maidan.
Republic Day of 1950s:
The tradition of awarding the children of great courage was started on the effort of Nehru who was deeply interested in looking at children as future of Indian Democracy. The first recipients of the awards for the outstanding courage and social work were Harish and Avinash Kaur in the year 1958.
The Tradition of inviting guest from other countries for the parade was started for the first time in 1950 itself. Dr. Sukarno from Indonesia was first guest while Malik Gulam Mohammad (Governor of Pakistan was invited in 1955)
Image 1: The first Republic Day Parade of Independent India was held not at Rajpath but at Irwin Amphitheatre on 26th January 1950.
Image 2: Parade of Indian Army on 26th January 1950.
Image 3: Arrival of President of India, Rajendra Prasad in his Bagghi (Horse-cart) for parade on 26th January 1950.
Image 4: The camel from Rajasthan to take part in the parade on 26th January 1951 taking rest on 15th January 1951. Jaisalmer Risala remained famous for camel parade on Indian Republic Day.
Image 5: 31 Gun Salute on 26 January 1951 at Kingsway Camp, Delhi.
Image 6: President Dr Rajendra Prasad taking the salute on 26 January 1951 at Kingsway Camp, Source: Rashtrapati Sachivalaya
Image 7: Aerial View of the Republic Day Parade in Ingsway Camp, Delhi taken from the top of India Gate in 1951
Image 8: The Parade Tableau passing through Caunaught Place towards India Gate on 26 January 1952. Source: इंडिया टाइम्स
Image 9: Prime Minister Pandit Nehru with People from Rajasthan on 26th January 1952.
Image 10: Tableau depicting the importance of Physical Fitness during the parade of the year 1952.
Image 11: Tableau showing ‘Youth & Progress’ – Machines depict growing development in transport and industry during the parade of 1952. The plough represents rural economy. The corn represents urge to grow more food. Desire of the youth of India to follow in Mahatma Gandhi’s footsteps is shown by the cut-out of Gandhiji and the small. Lad. The children of India dressed in tricolour costumes comprising the colours of the National Flag are following the tableau.
Image 12: Tableau showing India’s message of goodwill and peace during the parade of 1952
Image 13: Machine symbol in the Parade of 1952, that depicts growing industrial development in India.
Image 14: A tableau of boat on display during the parade of 1952
Image 15: A view of the Republic Day Cultural Pageant in 1952. This tableau is depicting youth and progress
Image 16: A view of the parade on 26 January 1953 at Raam Leela Maidan of Delhi.
Image 17: India Gate on the evening of 26 January 1954. Source: Photo Division of India
Image 18: The aftermath of the Republic Day Parade on 26th January 1955. Source: Rendez Past
Image 19: The Artists from West Bengal performing the Lama dance during the parade on 26th January 1955.
Image 20: The tableau of Uttar Pradesh on 26th January 1956 at Rajpath. Source: India Times
Image 21: The Elephants on Rajpath during the Republic Day Parade of 1957.
Image 22: The Parade to start from Red Fort on 26th January 1957
Image 23: The first recipients of the awards for the outstanding courage and social work Harish and Avinash Kaur with Nehru during the Republic Day parade of the year 1958.
Image 24: The Oil Reserves as Tableau of Assam during the parade of 1958.
Image 25: The tableau of The Indian Railways on 26th January 1959 at Rajpath, Delhi.
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! गणतंत्र दिवस (26 जनवरी) की परेड-झांकी भी बिक गई इस ‘गोरमिंट’ के हाथो
Image 26: School kids giving cultural performance at Rajpath on 26th January 1960.
Image 27: Camel March on 26th January 1961 for parade at Rajpath.
Image 28: A group of young girls playing instruments and dancing during a march past on 26th January 1961 on Rajpath in Delhi.
Image 29: Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip received by Nehru at Rajpath on 26th January 1961
Image 30: Ariel View of parade on 26th January 1965 at Rajpath, Delhi.
Image 31: Präsident of India Dr. Radhakrishnan reached Rajpath for parade on 26th January 1966.
Image 32: V V Giri and Zakir Hussain during the parade of the year 1969 at Rajpath.
Image 33: Indira Gandhi with the folk dancers of Rajasthan after the parade on 26th January 1970.
Image 34: Republic Day Parade of the year 1973 marching through Rajpath.
Image 35: A surface-to-air missile is seen for the first time during the Republic Day parade of 1973 in Delhi.
Image 36: Tanks on display for the first time during the Republic Day Parade of the year 1973
Image 37: People watching 1974 Republic Day parade
Image 38: IPS Kiran Bedi leading Delhi Police during the Parade in the year 1975.
Image 39: President of India, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed taking salute from army parade of the year 1975 at Rajpath.
Image 40: President of India, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy during the parade of 1980
Image 41: Indian Fighter plane Mig-21 on display during the parade of 1980
Image 42: Folk dancers who were to participate in Republic Day Parade taken at Rangsala on January 22 1981 before the parade on 26th January.
Image 43: President of India Giani Zail Singh and and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi at Rajpath during the parade of the year 1983
Image 44: President of India, Giani Zail Singh taking salute from army personals on D-72 Tanks during 1983 parade.
Image 45: The Ariel view of the Republic Day Parade in 1985 at Rajpath, Delhi.
Image 46: Indian cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma marching on Rajpath during the parade of the year 1985.
Image 47: Rashtrapati Bhavan illuminated on the evening of Republic Day in 1985.
Image 48: Bofors Gun, on display during the 41st Republic Day parade in New Delhi in 1990
Image 49: The Prithvi Missile on display at Rajpath during the parade of the year 1996.
Image 50: The chief guest of the Republic Day Parade in 2003, the visiting President of Iran Mr. Syed Mohammed Khatami being introduced to the Service Chiefs by President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
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